Requirements to waste management

 

 All types of waste produced in stationary and mobile workplaces of the Com-pany’s employees and its contractors, including domestic garbage, are considered production and consumption waste of OJSC “Surgutneftegas”. Failure to comply with waste management rules, even by one employee can make the whole Company a violator of environmental requirements of Russian Federation. The Company’s waste management is carried out in compliance with the license currently in force for collection, transportation, treatment, utilization, decontamination and disposal of wastes of I–IV hazard classes.

As a source of pollutants into the environment, waste can serve as a habitat for agents of dangerous diseases. All production and consumption wastes are subject to separate stockpiling for their recording, further treatment, utilization, decontamination and disposal. Conditions and methods of these procedures should be safe for the environment and comply with the laws of the Russian Federation, procedures for industrial control in the field of waste management implemented by OJSC “Surgutneftegas” and instructions approved by the Company.

1. General requirements to waste accumulation

1.1. Accumulation of waste for its transportation and further treatment, utili-zation, decontamination and disposal by business units of the Company is performed as follows:
by each shop or as common storage;
in alloted territory of an industrial site;
separately according to hazard types and classes, aimed at its utilization as secondary raw materials, decontamination in specialized units or further disposal.
1.2. Conditions, routine and limit of waste accumulation, frequency of its transportation for further utilization, decontamination and disposal are determined by the hazard class (toxicological and physicochemical characteristics) of accumulated waste and its components, way of packing and size of a tank (container).
1.3. Collection and accumulation of waste in off-design places is strictly prohibited.
1.4. Disposal of the facilities for collection and accumulation of waste in the territory of I, II and III belts of sanitary protection zones of water supply points and within established water protection zones of water bodies is strictly prohibited.
1.5. All the production and consumption wastes produced in business units of the Company are subject to collection and accumulation in special containers placed on special grounds for waste accumulation, defined in Waste Generation and Disposal Limits Book (PNOOLR), in places of work performance related to waste production, within industrial sites.
1.6. Organized safe management of I-III hazard class waste is carried out in compliance with local documents of the Company, special instructions on the or-ganization of its accumulation, utilization, decontamination and transportation de-veloped by the Company.

2. Requirements to waste accumulation grounds

2.1. Depending on the aggregate state of wastes, they are accumulated on special stationary grounds in production or auxiliary facilities (warehouse, storeroom); in non-stationary warehouses (under covering or mounted constructions); in tanks, sludge pits and other specially equipped surface and subsurface tanks; in tanks and containers in open industrial sites.
2.2. Special grounds for accumulation of waste are installed in the territory of industrial sites of the Company’s business units.
2.3. Stationary grounds for waste accumulation must be fit out with hard surface (crushed stone or reinforced concrete slabs), three-sided barrier, banking or bead to eliminate intrusion of pollutants in storm sewage facilities and natural environment, convenient transport approach, effective protection from precipitation and wind (shed, wire mesh fencing) (except for sludge pits constructed in compliance with the projects having positive resolution of the state expert examination).
2.4. Grounds for waste accumulation of the Company’s mobile brigades must be fit out with hard flat surface (trays, wooden flooring, etc.), three-sided banking or bead to eliminate intrusion of pollutants into storm sewage facilities and natural environment, convenient transport approach.
2.5. In case large-size wastes of IV and V hazard classes are stored openly (as a heap or pile) or in untight open container, the following conditions must be observed:
the limit of waste accumulated on the ground must not exceed the amount established by the limits of waste disposal; in case of approaching the limit of waste amount, measures for its immediate removal must be taken;
intrusion of wastes in sewage and in the territory adjacent to waste accumu-lation grounds must be eliminated.
2.6. Open storage of friable and volatile wastes indoors is prohibited.
2.7. Wastes of III hazard class (used petroleum products, oils, etc.) are ac-cumulated on stationary grounds of mineral oil facilities and non-stationary grounds disposed according to PNOOLR, equipped with a plate with the name of the ground and its purpose.
2.8. Stationary grounds must be equipped with waterproof container, the capacity of which must exceed the limit of accumulated used petroleum products, oils and other products by 30%.
2.9. Non-stationary grounds for placing tanks for accumulation of used pe-troleum products, oils and other products must be fit out with hard surface with wa-terproofing and perimetral banking (bead).

3. Requirements to tanks (containers) for waste accumulation

3.1. Tanks (containers) must have covers to prevent wastes from soaking and swelling.
3.2. Tanks (containers) must have inscriptions about their purpose, type of accumulated waste and inventory number (if necessary).
3.3. Capacities and types of tanks are determined by the limit amount and limit period of accumulated waste.

4. Requirements to waste transportation

4.1. Transportation of wastes between places (facilities) of their production, accumulation, utilization and disposal is performed by load-lifting and transport fa-cilities of the Company on the basis of annual time schedule signed by business units heads, application for loading and transportation or contract between the Company and a third-party organization.
4.2. Rules of transportation of hazardous cargoes with motor vehicles, ap-proved by Decree No.73 of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation “On approval of Rules of transportation of hazardous loads with motor vehicles” dated 08.08.95 developed in pursuance of Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No.372 “On measures taken to provide safety while transporting haz-ardous cargoes with motor vehicles” dated 23.04.94.
4.3. Construction and maintenance conditions of load-lifting and transport facilities used for wastes transportation must eliminate the possibility of occurrence of emergencies, loss of wastes, pollution of the environment and infliction of harm to people’s health, utility or any other facilities on transport travel lines and during cargo handling operations.
4.4. Works related to loading, transportation, unloading of waste must be top mechanized.
4.5. Vehicles must be equipped with special signs.
4.6. Transport for semiliquid (slurred) wastes transportation must be equipped with a discharge hose.
4.7. Transport for friable wastes transportation must be equipped with dumper and valance.
4.8. Transport for wastes encased in a moisture-sensitive container must be closed or covered with tarpaulin.
4.9. Transportation of wastes between the facilities is performed only with a waybill of the established form with indication of a route; in case of transportation aimed at further accumulation and utilization of wastes — with a consignment note.
4.10. While loading, the driver is given an act of acceptance (conveyance) of wastes and a voucher.
4.11. The owner of the vehicle is responsible for preparation of wastes transportation. The person permitted to accumulation of wastes in a business unit that removes wastes is responsible for waste preparation for transportation.

5. Requirements to containers used for waste transportation

5.1. Containers must be made and covered in such way as to eliminate any leaks of contents in normal conditions of transportation, in particular, in case of temperature, air humidity and pressure changes.
5.2. The inner container must be placed into the outer one in such way as to prevent its rupture and leak of contents into the outer container. If there is a risk of excess pressure caused by liberation of gas, vents can be installed on containers, provided that the amount of evolved gas is not hazardous by its toxic, flammable and other characteristics.
5.3. In order to prevent leak and deformation of a container by expansion caused by the change of temperature during transportation, it is necessary to leave some space when filling a container with liquid (underfilling).

6. Requirements to landfills

6.1. In business units of the Company, which have landfills for solid municipal and industrial wastes, including a landfill for oil sludge utilization in the Zapadno-Surgutskoye oil field, the following documents are subject to industrial control:
list of wastes subject to disposal at a landfill approved a local body of the Federal Service for Consumer Rights Protection and Human Health Welfare (Rospotrebnadzor) (except for the landfill for oil sludge utilization in the Zapadno-Surgutskoye oil field);
regulations and operation mode of a landfill approved by the head of a business unit;
instructions on acceptance of waste at a landfill approved by the head of a business unit;
schedule of natural environment monitoring in the territory of possible negative impact of a landfill;
Programs of industrial control over sanitary rules and fulfillment of sanitary-epidemiological (prophylactic) measures at a landfill approved by the head of a business unit.
6.2. Industrial environmental control of waste disposal facilities, including landfills for solid consumption and industrial wastes of the Company is performed in compliance with the project documents, certified by the State Environmental Expert Commission, and includes analytical (instrumental) control over the condition of subsurface and surface waters, atmospheric air and soil in the territory of possible impact of facilities. Reports on monitoring results are annually sent to regional de-partments of Rosprirodnadzor.

7. Requirements to personnel permitted to collection, transportation, treatment utilization, neutralization and disposal of wastes of I–IV hazard classes:
7.1. Personnel permitted to collection, transportation, treatment utilization, neutralization and disposal of wastes of I–IV hazard classes is required to:
have professional training proved by certificates enabling to work with wastes of I-IV hazard classes;
be taught the rules of safe waste management developed by the Company, as well as instructions on occupational and industrial safety in a workplace;
have working clothes, shoes, security facilities, which provide safe waste management;
know symptoms of possible acute poisonings, methods of first aid applied when getting poisoned or traumatized in the process of work with wastes.
7.2. Conditions under which the personnel cannot be permitted to work with wastes:
absence of the permit to unsupervised work;
absence of necessary work clothes and security facilities;
sickliness.